What to look for in orthodontic services and equipment?

Orthodontics is that field in dentistry that works for the correction of jaws and teeth whenever necessary depending upon how improperly they are positioned in the mouth. It is an extremely important branch in the field as it puts away the risks of dental issues such as decaying of the teeth, TMJ syndrome, excess stress on the muscles, periodontal disease, etc. These conditions can be avoided if the patient deals with crooked teeth or teeth that are uneven. Additionally, this enhances your appearance and gives you a better, more even smile.

A Guildford orthodontist will diagnose if there is an issue with your orthodontic health by carrying out extensive dental examinations, checking for any past history in dental health and getting x-rays done. They then take the next course of action to deal with issues such as crossbite, misplaced midline, crowding, and an open bite, underbite, spacing, or overbite. 

Some of the treatment methods in orthodontic care are discussed as under:

  • Braces- considered as the most common of means in orthodontic care, this is a traditional and reliable method which uses wires and brackets to fix the teeth when their position is disturbed. Braces use archwires that create a certain tension in the teeth that brings them to their proper position. 
  • Fixed space maintainers- this is used, especially in cases where the baby tooth is lost prematurely. They are placed in its position until the permanent tooth appears.
  • Special fixed appliances- these are a series of tools used by orthodontists to prevent children from sucking their thumb or thrust their tongues. This method is only used in dire need.
  • Removable space maintainers- these work similarly as the fixed ones, the only difference being that they have an acrylic base which is fitted over the jaw and have branches made of plastic or wires that puts the requisite space between teeth.
  • Jaws repositioning appliances- these are also known as splints and are worn on the lower as well as the upper jaw so as to train the jaw to close in the desired position. 
  • Palatal expander- this device is used to expand the arch of the upper jaw in the mouth. It is actually a plate which is fixed over the roof in the mouth. 
  • Headgear- this device has a strap which is placed around the back of the person’s head and is then connected to a wire in the front. This is supposed to disrupt the growth of the upper jaw, and it leverages the teeth at the back in the position in which they are when the front teeth are being pulled back. 
  • Lip and cheek bumpers- as the name suggests, this equipment is meant to keep the cheeks and the lips away from the teeth so as to relieve the pressure that the muscles there can put on the teeth.

Orthodontics is an essential field, and one must get a diagnosis done and ask for the pros and cons of service before you go ahead and get it done. Professional orthodontics conducts a proper examination and furnishes all necessary details about the procedure and equipment before its application.

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