Piling has been an essential technique that has helped rescue or revives many of the antique constructions or bridges. The piles of supporting materials are driven in the ground for the purpose. In most of the cases, concrete, steel, timber piles are used. These are pushed with either hands or machines into the ground to support the structure.
The logic behind Soil Mechanics
The study of the soil for the piling work proves to be of great advantage. It helps in the thorough analysis of the deformations in the flow of fluid in the man-made or natural structures which rest on the soil. Based on the study, proper measures are taken. Some of the examples where piling has a crucial role are bridges, buildings, walls, pipeline, dams, and buildings.
Piling methods consist of one theory- displacing the soil by steering the piles into the ground. The process removes the soil from the place. Depending on the requirement, the different size of the piles is used.
Different Types of Piling
Based on the construction requirement, the piling method is mostly divided into three broad categories—
- Driven Piles
- Cast-in-situ Piles
- Driven and Cast-in-situ Piles
In addition to the different types of piling methods, there are variations in the foundation- deep and shallow foundation.
Hand Piering and its Utility
Every project has different requirements. thus, according to some of the local popular civil engineers, hand piling is more common where the foundation or support is to be given at a shallow depth.
In this method, every third hole in the unstable ground is drilled by hand up to the required depth. The same process is repeated until the place has properly been excavated.
Hand piering gives preciseness in the process. The size of the support is properly calculated, and the parameters, taken in considerations, always include the load-bearing capacity of the column and soil. Based on the load-bearing capacity, the size of the support is selected.
In the majority of the cases, hand piling is carried on the soil that is soft or can easily be drilled. The stone or rock bed is neglected when it comes to this particular method.
Towards all these, what stands important is to have an effective hand piling. thus, many professionals believe in carrying out digging after a thorough assessment of the factors.
Enhancing the Effectiveness of Piling
Over the years, a lot has been opted for when it comes to increasing the effectiveness of hand piering. thus, for the professionals associated with the job, an intensive survey of the place remains the priority. During the study, it is observed that whether the building or the construction to be supported has the proper ground for the support or not.
During the feasibility test, it is also observed the place where the foundation can be installed. Hand piling takes a lot of time and labour. thus, preciseness in the location is always going to be an effective approach.
The dynamics of soil mechanics should be thoroughly studied. It is necessary to keep in mind the load that the support system is going to withstand; then only the purpose would be solved.